ICUB Bulletin Spring 2022



Published by the


An American Council of the Blind Affiliate


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Carrie Chapman, President

304 W. Cedar St.

Goldfield, IA 50542



Don Wirth, Co-Editor

921 9th St., #208

Ames, IA 50010



Sandy Tigges, Co-Editor

2904 34th St.

Des Moines, IA 50310



Table of Contents

President’s Report 3

Letter to the Department of Justice 5

House File 2426 9

Shopping to Benefit ICUB 14

Answers to Trivia Questions 15

Meet the Board: Norma Boge 17

More Marching Bands 20

Iowa Braille School Marched Its Way into History Books 21

Donating Your Vehicle to Benefit ICUB 23

Pizza Soup with Garlic-Toast Croutons 23

News You Can Use 24

Selecting ICUB as a Beneficiary 27

Iowa Department for the Blind Report 27

At-Large Chapter Report 29

Des Moines Chapter Report 30

President’s Report

Dear Members and Friends,

First, let me apologize. In the last issue of the Bulletin, I listed the dates for our State Convention incorrectly. The correct dates are August 26-27, 2022. The Convention will be held at the Courtyard by Marriott, 2405 SE Creekview Drive, Ankeny, Iowa, 50021. I am sorry for any confusion.

Have you checked out ICUB’s recent blog? There you can find our Bulletin archives, Convention updates, Chapter news, and more. We are just getting started adding content, so check back often. You can find our blog on our website at: .

Have you been receiving e-mails from us? Did you receive the last Bulletin? If not, please check your spam/junk folder. I would also encourage you to add to your contact list. If you need to update your e-mail address, please reach out to us.

We want your feedback! Do you enjoy our quarterly Bulletins? What articles do you most enjoy? Is there a feature you would like to see added? Do you have an article you would like to submit? If so, you can email . We value your feedback and would love to hear from you.

Thank you to everyone who is submitted their 2022 membership dues. We are still accepting dues for the 2022 year and would love to have you join us. If you would like to find out more about ICUB or become a member, please visit our website at: . You can also call 1-866-436-0141. We are always happy to hear from you.

Below you will find information about consumer issues with which ICUB and other organizations have been dealing: web and application accessibility, electronic absentee voting, and service animal restrictions. ICUB has joined over one hundred organizations—including the American Council of the Blind, (ACB), American Foundation for the Blind, National Disability Rights Network, and National Federation of the Blind—in signing a letter insisting that the Department of Justice take quick action to finalize rules on web and application accessibility. That letter follows this article.

The other two items are bills that had been proposed this year for passage by the Iowa legislature but did not make it through the funnel. ICUB registered its support of the electronic absentee voting bill (HF2426). Unfortunately, it did not survive this year as a stand-alone bill, but could still be added to another bill. Although HF2426 doesn’t include all of the provisions we need, it is a start. The text of the bill appears following the letter to the Department of Justice.

SF2035, which also did not pass through the funnel this year, attempts to put restrictions on the use of service animals, including guide dogs, in the context of county and city breed restrictions. Current law grants a person with a disability, a person assisting a person with a disability by controlling a service animal, a service-animal-in-training, or a person training a service animal the right to be accompanied by the service animal or service-animal-in-training, under control, at public facilities and accommodations without being required to make additional payment for the service animal or service-animal-in-training. The proposed bill provides that the right does not apply if the public facility or accommodation is in a county or city that prohibits or restricts the possession of a specific breed or perceived breed of dog and the service animal or service-animal-in-training is of the prohibited or restricted breed or perceived breed of dog. For example, if you have a service animal that falls under a prohibited breed in a particular area, that area does not have to follow the guidelines which typically protect you and your dog. ICUB has joined the Humane Society, the Animal Rescue League of Iowa, the Iowa Pet Alliance, the ACLU of Iowa, and others in registering opposition to this bill.

Take care and stay safe!

Carrie Chapman, President

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Letter to the Department of Justice

Editor’s Note: This is the letter President Chapman refers to in her message above. While only ACB is shown as a signatory because of space restrictions, the letter was signed by more than 100 advocacy organizations.

U.S. Department of Justice

Civil Rights Division

950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20530

Dear Assistant Attorney General Clarke:

The 181 undersigned disability organizations believe that there is an urgent need for digital accessibility regulations. We urge the Department of Justice to maintain this rulemaking process as a priority and finalize a rule by the end of the current administration.

The U.S. Department of Justice has long held that the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) includes websites and other technologies that are critical to accessing a business’s or agency’s services or facilities, but has failed to define when and how they should be accessible. In 2018, the Department reconfirmed its position that the ADA applies to the internet but never completed rulemakings that were begun in 2010 under Titles II and III of the ADA and withdrawn in 2017. Meanwhile, courts have diverged in interpreting when and how the ADA should apply to the internet, and business groups are on the record seeking clear standards that clarify their obligations under the ADA.

In 2016, the National Council on Disability (NCD) recommended that the Department of Justice issue a notice of proposed rulemaking that reinforces that the ADA applies to the internet. NCD also recommended that multiple agencies complete existing rulemakings and initiate new rulemakings on accessibility of various types of information and communication technology (ICT), including web content, applications, hardware, and software. The absence of digital accessibility regulations in the intervening time period has resulted in persistent exclusion of people with disabilities from digital spaces covered by the ADA.

Recent research has shown the breadth of barriers that people with disabilities face. Several studies find persistent barriers in telehealth accessibility. A study of 74 deaf participants who had recently used telehealth found that 65% of participants experienced communications accessibility barriers. Deaf patients frequently experience the inability to connect remote medical interpreters or real-time captioners through a secure telehealth platform, the inability to see the provider on video, and other technical issues, including poor audio quality. Another study found that of 285 blind and low vision participants who had used telehealth to meet with their healthcare provider, 21% reported the telehealth platform was not accessible with their assistive technology, and preliminary data from a forthcoming study suggests that the number could exceed 50% a year later. Moreover, while there are no studies directly examining the telehealth experiences of deafblind people, anecdotal reports suggest that the vast majority of deafblind people are completely unable to utilize telehealth as it currently exists.

The challenges are present in every sector of society. Nearly 60% of the educators surveyed in a fall, 2020, study reported their blind and low vision students could not access one or more of the digital learning tools they were expected to use in class. A 2022 study found that about 50% of survey respondents experienced accessibility challenges when filling out electronic onboarding paperwork. Moreover, an annual automated analysis demonstrates how common inaccessibility barriers are, finding that of one million webpages reviewed in 2021, 97% had accessibility issues, and an average of 50 errors appeared on every page.

These findings are neither exhaustive of all website-related issues nor comprehensive of the entire disability community. The disability community is large and diverse, facing access issues that continue to grow and evolve with the ever-changing landscape of websites and applications. While the studies cited primarily explored the experiences of people with sensory disabilities, accessibility issues are pervasive, frequent, and harmful for people with other disabilities as well.

The scale of inaccessibility and its impact on access to nearly every type of web or application-based activity necessitates regulatory action. As the COVID-19 pandemic has made abundantly clear, we live in a society that increasingly lives and works through digital tools and online spaces. When websites and applications are inaccessible, people with disabilities cannot apply for jobs, work efficiently, attend school, access healthcare, schedule a ride, shop, find public health information, apply for public benefits, and more.

We remind you that Congress intends the ADA to cover the internet and applications. We urge you to continue the rulemaking process at a pace that ensures a rule can be finalized by the end of the current administration. Thank you for your consideration and work on behalf of people with disabilities.


American Council of the Blind

Clark Rachfal,

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A BILL FOR An Act relating to the electronic delivery of absentee ballots for persons with certain physical disabilities. To BE ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF IOWA:

Section 1. Section 53.2, subsection 2, Code 2022, is amended by adding the following new paragraph:

NEW PARAGRAPH. e. Absentee ballot applications shall include a space for a registered voter with a physical disability that prevents the registered voter from reading or marking a printed ballot without assistance from another person to request that an absentee ballot be delivered to the registered voter electronically. A voter requesting that an absentee ballot be delivered electronically shall explain why the voter cannot read or mark a physical absentee ballot without assistance from another person. The state commissioner shall adopt rules regarding the form of electronic absentee ballots.

Sec. 2. Section 53.8, subsection 1, paragraph a, unnumbered paragraph 1, Code 2022, is amended to read as follows:

Upon receipt of an application for an absentee ballot and immediately after the absentee ballots are printed, but not more than twenty days before the election, the commissioner shall mail an absentee ballot to the applicant within twenty-four hours, except as otherwise provided in subsection 3 or 5. The absentee ballot shall be sent to the registered voter by one of the following methods:

Sec. 3. Section 53.8, subsection 3, paragraph c, Code 2022, is amended to read as follows:

c. Nothing in this subsection nor in section 53.22 shall be construed to prohibit a registered voter who is a hospital patient or resident of a health care facility, or who anticipates entering a hospital or health care facility before the date of a forthcoming election, from casting an absentee ballot in the manner prescribed by section 53.10 or 53.11, or from completing an electronic absentee ballot in the manner prescribed by subsection 5.

Sec. 4. Section 53.8, Code 2022, is amended by adding the following new subsection:

NEW SUBSECTION. 5. a. (1) When an application for an absentee ballot is received by the commissioner from a voter who has indicated that the voter has a physical disability that prevents the voter from reading or marking a printed ballot without assistance from another person, the commissioner shall determine whether the voter qualifies to receive an electronic absentee ballot. If the commissioner determines that the voter qualifies to receive an electronic absentee ballot, the commissioner shall transmit an electronic absentee ballot to the voter in a form that allows the voter to electronically read and mark the ballot on a personal computer without the assistance of another person. An electronic absentee ballot shall not be transmitted prior to the mailing of physical absentee ballots. In addition to an electronic absentee ballot, the commissioner shall mail all physical materials other than an absentee ballot as provided in subsections 1 and 2.

(2) If the commissioner determines that the voter does not qualify to receive an electronic absentee ballot, the commissioner shall inform the voter by the best means available that the voter does not qualify to receive an electronic absentee ballot, the reason for the rejection, and that the voter shall be mailed a physical absentee ballot.

b. An electronic absentee ballot completed pursuant to paragraph “a” shall be printed by the voter and returned to the commissioner as provided in section 53.17, using the same method as required for physical absentee ballots in that election. An electronic absentee ballot shall not be returned electronically.

c. The state commissioner shall adopt rules for the transmission and marking of electronic absentee ballots.

Sec. 5. Section 53.22, subsection 2, paragraph a, subparagraph (1), Code 2022, is amended to read as follows:

  1. A registered voter who has applied for an absentee ballot, in a manner other than that prescribed by section 53.10 or 53.11, or by section 53.8, subsection 5, and who is a resident, tenant, or patient in a health care facility, assisted living program, or hospital located in the county to which the application has been submitted shall be delivered the appropriate absentee ballot by two special precinct election officers, one of whom shall be a member of each of the political parties referred to in section 49.13, who shall be appointed by the commissioner from the election board panel for the special precinct established by section 53.20. The special precinct election officers shall be sworn in the manner provided by section 49.75 for election board members, shall receive compensation as provided in section 49.20, and shall perform their duties during the ten calendar days after the ballots are printed if the commissioner so elects, during the fourteen calendar days preceding the election, and on election day if all ballots requested under section 53.8, subsection 3, have not previously been delivered and returned.


The inclusion of this explanation does not constitute agreement with the explanation’s substance by the members of the general assembly.

This bill relates to the electronic delivery of absentee ballots to certain persons. The bill requires the state commissioner of elections to include a space on absentee ballot request forms for a voter to indicate that the voter wants to receive an electronic absentee ballot because the voter has a physical disability that prevents the voter from reading and marking a physical ballot without the assistance of another person. If, upon receipt of an absentee ballot request form, the county commissioner of elections determines that the voter qualifies to receive an electronic absentee ballot, the county commissioner shall transmit an electronic absentee ballot to the voter at the time that physical absentee ballots are mailed. If the county commissioner determines that the voter does not qualify to receive an electronic absentee ballot, the county commissioner shall inform the voter of the rejection, the reason therefore, and that the voter will receive a physical absentee ballot.

The bill requires an electronic absentee ballot to be transmitted in a form that allows the voter to read and mark the ballot using a personal computer. The bill then requires the voter to print the absentee ballot and return it in the same manner as prescribed for physical absentee ballots. The bill does not allow a voter to return an absentee ballot electronically. The bill requires the state commissioner of elections to adopt rules regarding the form, transmission, and marking of electronic absentee ballots.

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Shopping to Benefit ICUB

Are you an online shopper? You can help ICUB secure some additional funds when you shop at .

There, enter your e-mail address and password. You will be prompted to shop for the charity Amazon is promoting that day or to select your own. In the dialog box for selecting your own, type our name, Iowa Council of the United Blind. We will then be the charity of choice each time you shop at . ICUB will get 0.5% of the value of eligible purchases.

You can also support ICUB using the Amazon shopping app on your mobile phone. Download or update the app and then open it. Go to “Settings” in the main menu. Tap on “AmazonSmile” and follow the on-screen instructions to turn on AmazonSmile. You can also find the instructions by going to:

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Answers to Trivia Questions

Don Wirth

In the last issue of the Bulletin, we asked 12 trivia questions and offered a prize for the winning entry. We had 5 entries. At the February meeting of the Across Iowa Chapter, we had a drawing for a winner from those entries. Carol Flickinger won. Below are the answers to the questions. Watch for more opportunities to win big prizes by reading the Bulletin.

1. “Witchy Woman” was sung by the Eagles.

2. “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself,” was said by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

3. The comedian famous for imitating several presidents was Rich Little.

4. Saul Bellow did not win the Nobel Prize for Literature for any one of his writings but for his excellence in the “understanding and analysis of culture” found in his writings. His book Herzog was published in 1974, the same year he won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

5. C.S. Lewis wrote the Chronicles of Narnia.

6. Betty White played Rose Nylund on The Golden Girls.

(Note: This quiz was not beneficial for two of the personalities whose names were the answers. Betty White passed away since we published the quiz. See below for the second person lost).

7. Many SNL stars started their careers at Second City in Chicago.

8. President James Polk signed a bill on December 28, 1846, that made Iowa the 29th state in the union. HAPPY 175th BIRTHDAY, IOWA.

9. Meatloaf made the album “Bat out of Hell.” Sadly, he too passed away since we published the quiz.

10. The bicentennial year for the United States was 1976. Many celebrations happened between April 1, 1975 and July 4, 1976. That means only 4 more years until the quarter millennium (250th birthday).

11. Mariano Rivera was the only baseball player to have a unanimous vote to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Let’s hear it from all you New York Yankees lovers!

12. Fess Parker played the characters Daniel Boone and Davey Crockett, wearing a coonskin cap in both roles. In reality, Daniel Boone wore a beaver hat.

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Meet the Board: Norma Boge

Don Wirth

Editor’s Note: This is the latest in a series of articles to provide readers with more information about the people who are leading ICUB through their service as Directors on our State Board.

Working together on common causes is something Norma Boge has been doing her entire life. It started growing up on a farm near Charles City. She worked with her family members to raise livestock and grow corn and beans. She operated most, if not all, of the farm implements while working with her parents and siblings.

Norma carried her cooperative work attitude to performing with the marching bands at her undergraduate colleges. Norma was able to travel to and perform at the Rose Bowl while at the University of Iowa. When she transferred to Washington State University (WSU), she was able to travel to Japan for performances. Norma’s work on the Board of ICUB is just the latest in her efforts of cooperative work for improving programs and projects that are important to her.

Norma lost her sight in a car accident while commuting to an intensive French class at WSU. After the accident, she returned home to Charles City. As part of her transition to living with blindness, she entered the Orientation Center at the Iowa Department for the Blind. There she learned Braille.

Something else you should know about Norma: she doesn’t like to leave things unfinished. When she lost her sight, she was within 6 months of completing her bachelor’s degree at WSU. She contacted the Dean of the College of Liberal Arts. She was able to complete her course work remotely. In cooperation with the school, Norma was able to submit her training in Braille as the foreign language component she needed to graduate. The Dean agreed that “Braille would be more important than French.” And he was right. Approximately two years after the car accident, Norma and two van loads of family and friends travelled from Iowa to Pullman, WA, to celebrate as Norma walked across the stage to receive her degree.

After completing her bachelor’s degree, Norma worked in Senator Tom Harkin’s office in the Des Moines Federal Building for several years. She worked as a receptionist and case worker dealing with constituent concerns. She would facilitate the communications between the constituent and the appropriate federal office. Norma often met Senator Harkin. One of the more recent meetings occurred while she and her husband Eldon were at the State Fair. She heard someone say, “Wait a minute. I need to go say hi to someone.” It was Senator Harkin who came over to greet Norma. Norma was then able to introduce Senator Harkin to Eldon.

Another fortuitous meeting took place while she was working for Senator Harkin. It occurred in the cafeteria at the Federal Building in Des Moines. The cafeteria was run by a member of ICUB. After talking with the ICUB member, Norma accepted the invitation to a Chapter meeting and joined ICUB in 1994.

Over the years, Norma has worked for the Governor’s Statewide Independent Living Council and for Iowa Legal Aid. She also completed a Master’s degree from Drake in vocational rehabilitation administration.

Anyone who knows much about Norma knows she has a great deal of knowledge about technical issues, including computers and Android phones. When asked how she became so knowledgeable, Norma answers that she is stubborn and wants to learn about the things she uses. So she has explored a number of resources to learn more.

Norma’s goal in working with ICUB is to help forward the business of living blind. Working with ICUB allows her to work with others to identify problems, solutions and promote implementation of those solutions through lobbying and advocacy. Norma’s working philosophy is that many blind people came before us and helped us make great strides in what is now accessible to us that was not previously available. It is our job to help make life even better for ourselves and those who will follow us.

Some of Norma’s takeaways from working with ICUB are how great the group of people you get to interact with and become friends with are; the amount of volunteer work that is done; and the value of the Conventions. Regarding state and national Conventions, Norma is extremely enthusiastic and encourages everyone to attend. “Conventions are the only places you can go where blind folks are in the majority,” she said. “Everyone knows what it is to be blind and the level of support is phenomenal. It is how the entire world should be, but probably won’t become.”

Norma is ending her service as an ICUB Board member later this spring. She will be splitting her time between Maine and Des Moines. In Maine, she will be teaming up with her partner in adventures of some 40+ years to take on even more challenges. But her dedication to ICUB and our goals will not fade. Norma is planning to be at the national Convention in Omaha this summer.

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More Marching Bands

Don Wirth, with a big assist from Jo Slayton

Editor’s Note: This is how my mind works. After interviewing Norma Boge for the Board member profile, my mind went to the ultimate marching band story, “The Music Man,” and Iowa composer Meredith Willson. “The Music Man” just happens to be starting a new run on Broadway. And, just a second, didn’t Jo Slayton once tell me a story about a marching band at the School for the Blind in Vinton? And wasn’t Meredith Willson involved in that story in some way?

So I called Jo. Boy, did I get an earful, that is, memories filled with joy, romance and anger. I promised Jo I wouldn’t get too detailed. Suffice it to say that Jo marched in Chicago and her husband, Creig, marched in New York City in the performances described below. You will have to contact Jo for more details.

After we spoke, Jo found the following article about the Iowa Blind Marching Band. It first appeared in the January, 2010 Lion, the international magazine of the Lions’ Clubs. Jo did mention that in order to stay in step, they marched elbow to elbow. She said this was challenging for someone of her height while playing a piccolo. The drum major used a series of whistles that indicated forward, stop, left, right, speed up and slow down. The band spent many hours practicing before they made their world premiere on the streets of Chicago.

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Iowa Braille School Marched Its Way into History Books

Under the direction of John Best, Iowa Braille and Sight Saving School had the first marching band of all blind musicians. The 35-member band marched in closed rank with partially sighted students flanking the outside of each row.

This Iowa band made its first appearance in Chicago at the Lions International Convention in July, 1958. In the spring of the next year, the band marched again. That time it was at the Lions International Convention in New York City. The Vinton Lions’ Club provided new uniforms for the New York trip and the Iowa students proudly strutted to “76 Trombones,” as a tribute to Meredith Willson, Iowa’s own composer.

“In 1961 John Best passed the baton to his understudy and capable student teacher, James Grupp, who carried on the tradition of the now famous marching band as well as the symphonic band which toured the state of Iowa,” Miner said.

The school’s archives state that in October, 1961, all students and faculty at the school heard the all-call bells announcing frantically for everyone to come to the Chapel. All were greeted with a rare opportunity to meet a very special guest—none other than Meredith Willson himself.

“He explained to the surprised audience that he had seen the Iowa Braille band in the New York parade two years earlier and was so impressed that when he and his wife were passing through Vinton, they decided to stop at the school to express their appreciation and admiration to the group,” Miner said.

Records show that much to the delight of the students, Willson and his wife, Renee, gave an impromptu concert including many of the hit songs from “The Music Man,” and a sneak preview of Willson’s next musical “The Unsinkable Molly Brown.”

In July, 1967, under Grupp’s leadership, the marching band (sporting new hats and plumes provided by the local Lions) made its third and final appearance at the Lions International Convention parade in Chicago.

Editor’s Note Again: Did you enjoy this article? Do you have a fond memory that you would like to share? If, so, contact me at

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Donating Your Vehicle to Benefit ICUB

Do you need to dispose of a used vehicle? ICUB's Used Vehicle Donation Program offers a perfect solution. Your vehicle will be picked up from your home and sold at auction. A portion of the proceeds go directly to ICUB. You can claim a tax deduction equal to the dollar value of the vehicle. Call 800-899-4925 for more information.

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Pizza Soup with Garlic-Toast Croutons

Carrie Chapman